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Who’s Putin critic Vladimir Kara-Murza? What to know after his sentencing. Lalrp

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Russia sentenced Kremlin critic Vladimir Kara-Murza on Monday to 25 years in jail on prices of treason, its harshest penalty but for an opponent of its battle in Ukraine and the newest instance of Russian President Vladimir Putin’s sweeping crackdown on dissent.

Listed below are 4 key issues to find out about Kara-Murza, a Washington Put up Opinions columnist, who has known as his arrest “the value for talking up in Russia immediately.”

Who’s Vladimir Kara-Murza?

Kara-Murza, 41, is a longtime opposition politician, historian and activist who has written opinion items for The Put up in recent times about life in Russia. He has been crucial of Putin and the Russian chief’s determination to invade Ukraine. In January, Kara-Murza wrote that “Russians reside in a daunting, distorted actuality,” one in every of numerous opinion articles written from his jail cell.

Kara-Murza has been held in a Moscow jail since his arrest in April 2022. His trial, he has mentioned, successfully turned the clock again to the Stalinist political repression of the Nineteen Thirties.

Whereas Kara-Murza holds a British passport in addition to a Russian one, he opted to not embrace a full-time life within the West. He has been residing in Russia, insisting that he may solely advocate for the rights and freedoms of residents if he was uncovered to the identical travails they face. He’s one in every of few Kremlin critics nonetheless residing on Russian soil amid rising threats to those that communicate out towards the federal government, The Washington Put up reported. Kara-Murza’s spouse and three youngsters stay in the US.

Kara-Murza served as deputy chief of Russian opposition group Folks’s Freedom Social gathering from 2015 to 2016. He was a longtime affiliate of Boris Nemtsov, the Russian opposition chief who was assassinated exterior the Kremlin in 2015.

Kara-Murza was poisoned for the primary time in 2015, in line with his spouse, Evgenia Kara-Murza. She wrote concerning the near-fatal assault in an opinion piece for The Put up final 12 months, including that he was poisoned for a second time in 2017. Kara-Murza mentioned each poisonings had been orchestrated by the Kremlin. Russia denied involvement within the assaults, which left him in a coma on each events.

Russia sentences Kara-Murza, Putin critic and Put up contributor, to 25 years

Why was Kara-Murza arrested?

Kara-Murza was arrested final April on prices of spreading false data. Authorities cited a speech he delivered in the US to Arizona lawmakers condemning Russian navy actions in Ukraine.

Since Russia invaded Ukraine, Putin has made it clear that criticism of his “particular navy operation” won’t be tolerated. Russian battle critics and dissenters have been punished with arrests, monetary penalties and jail time.

Many journalists have fled the nation and media organizations have been compelled to shut since Putin signed a legislation towards “faux” information following Russia’s invasion of Ukraine in February 2022. The media clampdown in Russia has decimated a journalism neighborhood already floor to close extinction over years of oppression, The Washington Put up reported final 12 months.

Washington Put up contributor arrested in Moscow after criticizing Putin

Monday’s sentencing of Kara-Murza was strongly condemned by Western governments, with the US and Britain calling for his fast launch. The U.S. State Division has described the costs as false and has sanctioned Russian officers concerned within the case for “gross violation of human rights.”

Since his arrest and interrogation, these closest to Kara-Murza have expressed concern for his well being. His legal professionals say he has misplaced nearly 50 kilos within the final 12 months and that he is probably not properly sufficient to outlive 25 years behind bars.

What’s subsequent after Kara-Murza’s sentencing?

In Russia’s extremely politicized authorized system, the court docket’s verdict was by no means doubtful. The prosecutor had sought the utmost jail time period of 25 years, and Kara-Murza declined to request an acquittal.

Maria Eismont, one in every of Kara-Murza’s legal professionals, mentioned they plan to attraction the decision, in line with Reuters.

What else to find out about Kara-Murza’s schooling, writing and activism

Kara-Murza holds bachelor’s and grasp’s levels in historical past from Britain’s College of Cambridge. Members of the college’s historical past college expressed their “solidarity” with Kara-Murza in a statement Monday, in addition to their “dismay on the merciless sentence of 25 years’ imprisonment meted out to him.”

Kara-Murza has mentioned that his Cambridge schooling has served him properly in his profession as a journalist. In a letter written to Novaya Gazeta Europe, he famous how, as a scholar, he specialised in “the historical past of the dissident motion within the Soviet Union” and wrote his thesis about “the primary (pre-revolution) State Duma.”

Whereas at Cambridge, Kara-Murza started writing articles for Russian and British information shops. In 2004, he moved to Washington, D.C., to develop into bureau chief for RTVi, or Russian Tv Worldwide, a information web site that caters to Russians residing exterior their nation, according to the Library of Congress.

He has since had a protracted profession in media, contributing to The Put up and different shops and internet hosting a weekly radio present on Echo of Moscow. He has directed three documentaries about political dissent within the Soviet Union and Russia, together with a documentary about Nemtsov, the Kremlin critic and a longtime colleague. Kara-Murza is the writer of the e book, “Reform or Revolution: The Quest for Accountable Authorities within the First Russian State Duma.”

Kara-Murza has acquired a number of awards for his work and activism, together with the Sakharov Prize for Journalism as an Act of Conscience and the Magnitsky Human Rights Award.

Robyn Dixon contributed to this report.

One 12 months of Russia’s battle in Ukraine

Portraits of Ukraine: Each Ukrainian’s life has modified since Russia launched its full-scale invasion one 12 months in the past — in methods each massive and small. They’ve realized to outlive and assist one another beneath excessive circumstances, in bomb shelters and hospitals, destroyed condominium complexes and ruined marketplaces. Scroll by way of portraits of Ukrainians reflecting on a 12 months of loss, resilience and worry.

Battle of attrition: Over the previous 12 months, the battle has morphed from a multi-front invasion that included Kyiv within the north to a battle of attrition largely concentrated alongside an expanse of territory within the east and south. Observe the 600-mile entrance line between Ukrainian and Russian forces and check out the place the preventing has been concentrated.

A 12 months of residing aside: Russia’s invasion, coupled with Ukraine’s martial legislation stopping fighting-age males from leaving the nation, has compelled agonizing selections for hundreds of thousands of Ukrainian households about the best way to stability security, obligation and love, with once-intertwined lives having develop into unrecognizable. Right here’s what a practice station filled with goodbyes regarded like final 12 months.

Deepening world divides: President Biden has trumpeted the reinvigorated Western alliance solid in the course of the battle as a “world coalition,” however a more in-depth look suggests the world is way from united on points raised by the Ukraine battle. Proof abounds that the trouble to isolate Putin has failed and that sanctions haven’t stopped Russia, due to its oil and fuel exports.