April 9, 2003: American troops storm Baghdad, and the statue of Saddam is toppled in Firdous Sq. in a symbolic collapse of his authorities.
Might 1, 2003: U.S. President George W. Bush declares an finish to main fight operations in Iraq.
August 2003: Preliminary hopes for peace recede. An anti-coalition insurgency begins in earnest. Assaults embrace a automobile bombing of the Jordanian embassy; a truck bomb that demolishes the United Nations headquarters in Baghdad and kills high U.N. envoy Sergio Vieira de Mello; and the bombing of a Najaf shrine that kills greater than 85 individuals, together with Shiite chief Ayatollah Mohammed Baqir al-Hakim.
December 2003: Saddam is captured in an underground hideout close to Tikrit.
March 2004: Violent resistance to the U.S. presence intensifies. 4 safety contractors are ambushed and killed in Fallujah, prompting a battle for the insurgent-dominated metropolis west of Baghdad. Al-Qaida in Iraq, a militant Sunni motion that pulls a few of Saddam’s former Baathist safety forces, leads the insurgency.
April-August 2004: Clashes emerge between U.S.-led coalition forces and followers of Shiite cleric Moqtada al-Sadr, who calls for that international forces go away Iraq.
October 2004: U.S. arms inspector David Kay experiences his staff has discovered no proof of stockpiled weapons of mass destruction.
November 2004: Following the failure of a primary U.S. marketing campaign for Fallujah, a second battle destroys a lot of the town however leaves the U.S. in management.
January 2005: Iraqis choose a brand new parliament within the first elections because the fall of Saddam. Shiite and Kurdish events take an awesome majority after Sunnis largely boycott.
December 2005: Combating takes on the character of a sectarian civil struggle between Shiites and Sunnis, with ethnic cleaning, killings and terror assaults in blended neighborhoods. The demise toll mounts across the nation over the following two years amongst insurgents, coalition forces and Iraqi civilians.
January 2007: After enlisting sympathetic Sunni tribal leaders to oppose the anti-coalition insurgency within the so-called Sunni Awakening, President Bush orders a surge of 30,000 U.S. troops to include the spreading violence.
Late 2008: After a 12 months of escalating chaos, coalition forces start to root out each al-Qaida and Shiite militias opposing the elected authorities. Barack Obama is elected U.S. president on a promise to withdraw U.S. forces.
December 2010: After a lot political turmoil, Shiite politician Nouri al-Maliki wins second time period as prime minister, supported by al-Sadr.
December 2011: The final U.S. troops go away Iraq, turning duty for safety over to the Iraqi military and police.
2013-2018: From the remnants of al-Qaida in Iraq, a brand new terrorist power emerges. The Islamic State of Iraq and Syria breaks Sunni militants out of prisons and mounts a battle to ascertain a worldwide Islamic State caliphate based mostly in Syria. In Iraq, the Islamic State group takes over Mosul, Fallujah, Tikrit and Ramadi with lightning velocity, in the end controlling about 40 % of the nation. A U.S. bombing marketing campaign, particular forces operations and Shiite militias allied with Iran flip again the tide. Islamic State group is evicted from strongholds in northern Iraq and in Syria, though skirmishes proceed in distant areas.
October 2019-January 2020: With the battle in opposition to the Islamic State group principally ended, Iraqi public dissatisfaction boils over with anti-government protests in opposition to rampant corruption, poor companies and unemployment erupting in Baghdad and the predominantly Shiite south. The demonstrations draw younger women and men who camp out alongside one another, a uncommon incidence within the conservative, majority-Muslim nation.
Jan. 3, 2020: The U.S. assassinates high Iranian Gen. Qassim Soleimani, head of the Quds Drive expeditionary forces, in a drone strike close to the Baghdad airport. Iraqi militia commander Abu Mahdi al-Muhandis is also killed within the assault, bringing tensions between the U.S. and Iraq to a fever pitch, and later fragmenting rival Shiite camps.
October 2022: After a 12 months of political stalemate following 2021 elections, the Shiite-dominated parliament chooses Kurdish chief Abdul Latif Rashid as president. He nominates Shiite politician Mohammed Shia al-Sudani as prime minister. Al-Sudani types a authorities, promising to battle corruption and enhance residing requirements.