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Mexico courtroom: Nationwide Guard shift to military unconstitutional Lalrp

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MEXICO CITY — Mexico’s Supreme Courtroom dominated Tuesday that final 12 months’s switch of the newly created Nationwide Guard from civilian to military control was unconstitutional, dealing a blow to President Andrés Manuel López Obrador who created the safety pressure in 2019.

The overwhelming majority of the Nationwide Guard’s members and management got here from Mexico’s navy, nevertheless it was described as a civilian pressure and positioned beneath the management of the civilian public safety ministry. López Obrador created it with a constitutional reform to interchange the disbanded federal police.

Final 12 months, Mexico’s Congress handed laws shifting management of the Nationwide Guard to the navy. López Obrador had argued then, as he repeated Tuesday, that it was the one technique to keep away from the corruption that engulfed the federal police.

Authorized challenges have been mounted instantly, noting that for the reason that civilian nature of the Nationwide Guard was enshrined within the structure, it might solely be modified by way of one other constitutional reform. By then nevertheless, López Obrador’s ruling celebration and allies now not had the required majority in Congress.

The tried shift fed criticism that López Obrador was militarizing Mexico.

Troops had already been essential in earlier administrations in combatting the highly effective and heavily-armed drug cartels. However slightly than sending them again to the barracks as López Obrador had as soon as advocated, he cemented their function in Mexico’s public safety. He additionally vastly expanded the navy’s responsiblities, placing them in control of ports and customs, in addition to his signature initiatives like constructing a new Mexico City airport and a vacationer practice on the Yucatan Peninsula.

Whereas the Nationwide Guard might muster the firepower to match the cartels, it didn’t have the investigative capability of a civilian police pressure. Critics have stated the Nationwide Guard has largely operated as a visual patrolling presence in Mexico’s many insecure areas, however is just not dismantling organized legal functionality.

Eight of the courtroom’s 11 ministers dominated the switch to navy management unconstitutional.