Guard actions in Mexico hearth seen as key to who lived, died Lalrp MO6GAUW77YI63J4OTJ6CIGFQBQ

CIUDAD JUAREZ, Mexico — When a fireplace broke out at a Mexican immigration detention facility final month, dramatically totally different reactions by guards within the males’s and ladies’s sections appeared to make a distinction in who lived and died, in keeping with beforehand unreported surveillance movies and witness statements considered by The Related Press.

Forty male detainees perished within the March 27 blaze, allegedly began by a male migrant in protest of their rumored switch from the power in Ciudad Juarez, throughout the border from El Paso, Texas. All 15 of the feminine detainees safely escaped from their aspect of the power because it started to fill with smoke.

The movies present that within the hours earlier than the fireplace, the deadliest ever at migration detention middle within the nation, non-public safety guards contracted by Mexico’s immigration company used keys to open the lads’s part to permit cleansing personnel to enter and to deliver them massive jugs of water.

Nonetheless as soon as the fireplace began, nobody tried to open it once more regardless of the presence of guards close by. In the meantime, on the ladies’s aspect, a feminine safety guard sprinted by means of the constructing with keys she mentioned the immigration official answerable for that wing had given her. That official, Gloria Liliana Ramos, is amongst these charged with murder.

A central query for investigators stays: The place have been the keys to the lads’s part when the fireplace began?

Seven individuals – 5 immigration brokers, a non-public safety guard and the migrant who allegedly began the fireplace – have been charged with murder and inflicting harm. On Friday the pinnacle of Mexico’s Nationwide Immigration Institute and the retired Navy rear admiral who was the highest-ranked immigration official within the state of Chihuahua have been scheduled to face accusations in court docket of failure to guard the migrants and murder, respectively.

Mexico’s Lawyer Common’s Workplace didn’t instantly reply to a request for touch upon the contents of the movies and witness statements, which have been supplied to AP by a lawyer for one of many accused.

On the night of the fireplace, they present, male migrants started to press mattresses in opposition to the bars to dam guards’ view of what was occurring inside. Additionally they apparently unplugged surveillance cameras that they have been capable of entry.

One man allegedly set hearth to a foam mattress, and inside seconds smoke started to fill the world. A beforehand seen surveillance video clip confirmed guards strategy the bars however then stroll away with out attempting to open the gate.

The immigration official who was answerable for the lads’s aspect that night was Rodolfo Collazo. In his assertion to investigators, Collazo mentioned that shortly earlier than the fireplace erupted he had left to take two minors to a different facility, putting the non-public safety supervisor in cost and forsaking the keys to the lads’s part.

Ramos, his counterpart on the ladies’s aspect, confirmed in her personal assertion that Collazo had left the non-public supervisor in cost.

An evaluation of surveillance video by forensic investigator Luis Fermín Cal y Mayor for one of many protection groups concluded that the keys to the lads’s part have been within the possession of the non-public safety guards minutes earlier than the fireplace began. That contradicts accounts from these guards in statements to authorities investigators saying that when the blaze started, they have been in a rest room filling jugs with water for the migrants and didn’t have the keys.

Within the ladies’s part, one other non-public safety guard, Angélica Hinojosa, ran out when the blaze started — to get assist, she mentioned later. She returned a short while later adopted by a member of the Nationwide Guard.

Hinojosa is seen on video racing by means of the constructing as feminine migrants start to cowl their noses and mouths amid the more and more dense smoke. She later instructed investigators that when “it began to odor unhealthy and I noticed a variety of smoke,” she requested Ramos for the keys. The ladies’s part was opened, and everybody escaped, retracing Hinojosa’s steps to the constructing’s entrance.

Feminine migrants instructed authorities investigators they heard shouts from the lads’s aspect of the power, together with determined requires water and questions on the place the keys have been.

Ramos’ lawyer, Aglaeth González, mentioned Ramos saved lives and shouldn’t be charged with a criminal offense. González mentioned she nonetheless has not been allowed entry to surveillance movies, and immigration officers she tried to interview refused to speak citing fears of reprisals.

Collazo, the official who had left with the underage migrants, returned to search out the power ablaze. He instructed investigators he tried to enter to search out the keys, however was turned again by the smoke. He’s amongst these dealing with legal prices of murder and inflicting harm.

One of many non-public safety guards instructed investigators {that a} colleague, a type of now charged with murder, did return inside and located the keys on a desk. That guard managed to open a again door however not one other lock inside, he mentioned.

The realm remained sealed off till firefighters arrived and broke down a wall, and solely then have been these migrants nonetheless alive capable of escape. Greater than two dozen have been injured, however survived.

Legal professionals for the accused have additionally questioned whether or not prosecutors have sufficiently analyzed the hours of video from the surveillance cameras, which numbered greater than a dozen.

The nations the place the victims got here from have demanded a clear investigation to search out and maintain accountable any officers and staff who share blame for the deaths, together with these excessive up the chain of command.